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  • You Want to Find Out About an Indian Ancestor

    A generation ago the BIA used to tell people to get in touch with the National Archives and give them the name and tribe and birthdate of an individual and we would look the name up on the Indian Census Rolls. We don&...
  • About Roll Numbers

    About Roll Numbers People are always writing and asking to “find their grandmother’s roll number.” Or they say, my great grandmother had a roll number and threw it away!  Or they say, my husban...
  • About roll numbers-- continued.

    I just found this looking through old correspondence, today. Dear Ms. W: This is in reply to your letter asking for information about the identity tags you and your family were required to wear in 1930s to 1940 or...
  • Researching Indian Land Records   Part 1

    The US expanded by acquiring title to lands by purchase and treaty with other governments that claimed them, such as Spain and France.  Of course a lot of this land came from the Louisiana Purchase. {LA P include...
  • Indian Lands Research   Part 2

    Indian Lands Research Part 2   There are different types of land records, and different types of searches. Genealogists want to prove their ancestors were Indian. Indian lawyers are interested in showing the ex...
  • One more thing about Indian roll numbers

    One more thing about Indian roll numbers   We usually say that the allotment process ended with the Indian Reorganization Act of 1934. But that applied to the surveying of reservations into allotments. Apparentl...
  • Researching the Indian Allotment Files

    Allotment records started in the early 1800s with some of the treaties. Lands were allotted to certain persons under the provisions of the treaty. In 1887 the General Allotment Act was passed and tribes gradually had ...
  • Researching the Indian Fee Patent Files

    Allotments were made and “trust” patents were issued by the GLO, which kept the land in trust for the individual for a period of 25 years after which he could sell the land for himself. Prior to that time,...
  • California Enrollments - Background

    California Enrollments  -  background   In 1928 Congress permitted California Indians to bring suit against the US for lands taken from them. They were defined as Indians residing in the State of Calif...
  • Definitions of Indian and Tribe

    Definitions of Indian and Indian Tribe   Indian Reorganization Act of 1934 allowed people of Indian descent who were not members of federally recognized tribes to apply for recognition as an Indian.  The IR...