How do I access Virginia native rolls of 1811?

I’m looking for a birth in 1811. Possibly a native ancestor. How do I find the birth rolls of 1811? Or census information of that time.

Parents
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    Thanks for posting your query on History Hub!

    The National Archives and Records Administration (NARA) houses historical records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA) in Record Group 75, we do not have a consolidated “Native roll” of index that identifies all individuals, living or deceased, who have Native heritage.

    The BIA is responsible for managing the federal government's relationship with federally recognized Native American tribes. However, the federal government only recently established a government-to-government relationship with certain tribes in Virginia: the Pamunkey Indian Tribe was recognized in 2015, while the Chickahominy, the Eastern Chickahominy, the Upper Mattaponi, the Rappahannock, the Monacan, and the Nansemond Tribes were recognized in 2018. Our BIA headquarters records end around the 1970s, so we have not yet received records documenting the federal government's relationship with these tribes. Please see the following websites for listings of federally recognized tribes: BIA Tribal Leaders Directory and Indian Entities Recognized by and Eligible To Receive Services From the United States Bureau of Indian Affairs.

    Thus, what BIA records we may have relating to tribes in Virginia and Maryland would likely relate to individual members of these tribes who may have written to BIA officials, or whose correspondence may have been routed to BIA officials (i.e., by a Congressional representative or other entity) for a response. But identifying all such records would require considerable research, as we do not have a consolidated name and subject index to our BIA correspondence. Please see our BIA Correspondence Files page for more information about these records.

    If members of tribes in Virginia attended a BIA-run boarding school, such as the Carlisle Indian Industrial School, then NARA may have records about their time at school. We have Carlisle student case files here at our DC facility. Indexes to these records are digitized in the National Archives Catalog. The student case files themselves have been digitized by Dickinson College's Carlisle Indian School Digital Resource Center. Please see our Student Case Files from Non-Reservation Boarding Schools page for more information about BIA school records.

    The Indian Census Rolls, 1885–1940 (Microfilm M595) in the Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs (Record Group 75) are digitized online through third-party sites that work with the National Archives. These rolls include individuals and families who maintained a formal connection with federally recognized American Indian tribes, although there is not a census for every tribe for every year. For more information about the records, including ways to access them online, see the National Archives page on Indian Census Rolls.

    I hope this information is useful. If you have any other questions, please let me know.

    Sincerely,

    Archives 1 Reference Branch (RR1R)
    RR1R-24-31475-KC

Reply
  •  

    Thanks for posting your query on History Hub!

    The National Archives and Records Administration (NARA) houses historical records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA) in Record Group 75, we do not have a consolidated “Native roll” of index that identifies all individuals, living or deceased, who have Native heritage.

    The BIA is responsible for managing the federal government's relationship with federally recognized Native American tribes. However, the federal government only recently established a government-to-government relationship with certain tribes in Virginia: the Pamunkey Indian Tribe was recognized in 2015, while the Chickahominy, the Eastern Chickahominy, the Upper Mattaponi, the Rappahannock, the Monacan, and the Nansemond Tribes were recognized in 2018. Our BIA headquarters records end around the 1970s, so we have not yet received records documenting the federal government's relationship with these tribes. Please see the following websites for listings of federally recognized tribes: BIA Tribal Leaders Directory and Indian Entities Recognized by and Eligible To Receive Services From the United States Bureau of Indian Affairs.

    Thus, what BIA records we may have relating to tribes in Virginia and Maryland would likely relate to individual members of these tribes who may have written to BIA officials, or whose correspondence may have been routed to BIA officials (i.e., by a Congressional representative or other entity) for a response. But identifying all such records would require considerable research, as we do not have a consolidated name and subject index to our BIA correspondence. Please see our BIA Correspondence Files page for more information about these records.

    If members of tribes in Virginia attended a BIA-run boarding school, such as the Carlisle Indian Industrial School, then NARA may have records about their time at school. We have Carlisle student case files here at our DC facility. Indexes to these records are digitized in the National Archives Catalog. The student case files themselves have been digitized by Dickinson College's Carlisle Indian School Digital Resource Center. Please see our Student Case Files from Non-Reservation Boarding Schools page for more information about BIA school records.

    The Indian Census Rolls, 1885–1940 (Microfilm M595) in the Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs (Record Group 75) are digitized online through third-party sites that work with the National Archives. These rolls include individuals and families who maintained a formal connection with federally recognized American Indian tribes, although there is not a census for every tribe for every year. For more information about the records, including ways to access them online, see the National Archives page on Indian Census Rolls.

    I hope this information is useful. If you have any other questions, please let me know.

    Sincerely,

    Archives 1 Reference Branch (RR1R)
    RR1R-24-31475-KC

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