Socca Davis Oaks

My 3x great grandmother whose name was Socca Davis and married my great grandfather David Oaks.  I think she might be Cherokee Indian but not sure.  It's possible she may have been adopted therefore maybe her name isn't on the cherokee indian roll.  Someone in my family always said that Socca was full blooded cherokee.  I'm curious to really know if she was

Socca was born 1793 or 1795


    Thank you for posting your question on History Hub!

    Unfortunately, we do not have a simple way to help you research your 3x great grandmother Socca Davis and her Native American heritage. You may want to begin your search by using the Eastern Cherokee Census Rolls, 1835–1884 (Microfilm M1773). These records are digitized in the Catalog. Please note that the Eastern Cherokee Census Rolls only document individuals who maintained a formal affiliation with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. Please note, that census rolls do not exist for every tribe for every year and only document enrolled members of federally recognized tribes.

    For more information on the Indian Census Rolls, please see our website:

    When using the catalog, you could search further by using the “Advanced Search” feature and search for “75” in the Record Group Number/Collection ID field (which signifies the records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs). Please be mindful that there is no simple way to begin nor is there a single list of everyone of Native American Heritage. Records of Native Americans maintained and housed by NARA are generally records of those that live on reservations or are being administered by the Bureau of Indian Affairs. These records are scattered throughout multiple series, record groups, and even NARA facilities. It is also possible that records may be difficult to trace if your ancestors left the reservation or did not have any interaction with the federal government.

    Consequently, tracing Native American ancestry can be very difficult. Please keep in mind that there are well over 500 tribes today, and those are only the ones that are recognized by the Federal government. The only Federal records that exist are for those people who were part of a recognized tribe, lived together with their tribe, and were under the supervision of the Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA). it is possible that there may not be any records for your ancestor.

    If the individual in whom you are interested was not a member of a federally recognized tribe at the time of their adoption by another family, then it is unlikely that they would be documented in our BIA records. Even if they were a member of a federally recognized tribe, their adoption still might not be documented in our BIA holdings. There was not the same level of federal oversight of Native American adoptions in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries as there is today. Currently, the Indian Child Welfare Act (ICWA) sets federal requirements for child custody proceedings involving Native American children from federally recognized tribes. However, the ICWA was not passed until 1978.

    For additional information about Native American genealogy at Archives I please email us at

    We hope this assists you with your research!


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