The National Archives holds many records from the Civil War era and also offers many resources to help researchers make the most of those records. You can start your Civil War research with the National Archives here:

Not all Civil War records are held at the federal level, though, and there are many institutions that hold complementary collections. The National Archives’ National Historical Publications and Records Commission (NHPRC - has awarded digitization grants to several institutions across the United States that hold records related to the Civil War, and many of those digital collections are freely available online.

Here are some of the digital collections related to the Civil War that were made possible by NHPRC grant funding:

  • The Archives of Michigan, along with the University of Michigan Digital Library, has digitized their Civil War Regimental Service Records. From their website: “The records in this collection document the history of Michigan soldiers in the form of muster rolls, letters, lists of dead, monthly returns and other materials sent to the state Adjutant General during the war.” Find out more by exploring their site:
  • The University of Alabama, has digitized the papers of Septimus D. Cabaniss (1820-1937), who was a southern attorney during the Civil War era. According to the University, “Cabaniss is renowned for his role as litigator and executor for the estate of a wealthy plantation owner who sought to manumit and leave property to a selection of his slaves, many of whom were his children, after his death in the antebellum south.” Check out the collection here:
  • The Missouri State Archives has digitized case files of the Supreme Court of Missouri (1821-1865). In this collection, you can find “transcripts from lower courts, briefs filed by attorneys or interested parties, depositions, summonses, and opinions of the Court addressing matters as diverse as land disputes, the Civil War, women's suffrage, civil rights, and anti-trust laws.” You can access the case files here:
  • The University of North Texas has digitized several 19th century collections, most relate to the Civil War and Reconstruction eras. The collection includes a variety of records, for example “the papers of a Confederate physician, a North Texas sheriff and tax collector, a Unionist craftsman who fled to Illinois, a woman who experienced the war in Kansas, and Confederate and Union soldiers who served throughout the United States.” Cooke County ledger books from 1857-1919, which document “violence and crime during the Reconstruction era” are also available. To see the collection, visit this site:

For further information, please see the previous post:

Digitization Projects Made Possible by the National Historical Publications and Records Commission (NHPRC)