749 th Tank Battlion

Seeking Hhistory of 749th Tank Battlion WWII. MY uncle, Woodrow W, Hudson was assigned to this unit.

  • The 749th Tank Bn departed Camp Foxley in Hertfordshire, England, on June 27, arriving in Winchester, England, late in the evening of that day, and then departing on multiple Landing Ships - Tanks from Southampton at 0200 hrs on June 29th.  The battalion arrived on Utah Beach on June 29 and June 30th and entered battle on July 1.  

    Below are After Action Reports for the 749th Tank Battalion.  Click on the "Download" icon to read the full document.  Many pages are not legible due to poor reproduction.

    1944 After Action Reports

    1945 After Action Reports

    Your uncle was in the Service Company and is pictured in the PDF document below, 3rd row, 2nd from left:

    749th TANK BATTALION  SERVICE COMPANY.pdf

    Your uncle returned from Europe on the SS Exchange:

    Ship: Exchange
    Arrival: 18 September 1945
    Unit Serial Number: RE 7345-K Stat Code TBU
    COM = Company: A, B, C, D, H (Heaquarters), M (Medical), S (Service)
    ASR is Advanced Service Rating - a points system (basically time served and awards received) used to determine the priority for who left Europe first.
    MOS is the Military Occupation Specialty Code
    ASN is Serial Number.
    No. NAME COM RANK ASR ASN ARM MOS
    0 Woods, James J Jr S Capt 110 0-1014465 Inf (Armd) )
    0 Hughes, Melvern C S 1st Lt 92 0-1013215 Inf (Armd) )
    0 Kaufman, Bertram S 1st Lt 97 0-1014513 Inf (Armd) Co Cmdr
    0 Murphy, William D S 2nd Lt 93 0-887709 Inf (Armd)
    0 Carlson, John R S WOJG 90 W-2129382 USA
    1 Boyer, James J S M/Sgt 90 35031393 Armd 813
    2 Flaughter, Elmer G S M/Sgt 118 36117578 Armd 821
    3 Arnold, Robert F S 1st Sgt 85 39676297 Armd 502
    4 Adesso, Frank J S T/Sgt 87 32085493 Armd 14
    5 Douglas, Lynn B S T/Sgt 84 16112257 Armd 511
    6 Backsen, Fred H Jr S T/Sgt 90 39676335 Armd 660
    7 Green, Francis G S T/Sgt 86 20925063 Armd 816
    8 Rickey, Edward W S T/Sgt 87 6255474 Armd 651
    9 Nichols, Raymond C S T/Sgt 85 32028781 Armd 502
    10 Nikolaiser, Arne G S T/Sgt 85 39601310 Armd 821
    11 Selby, Clyde A S T/Sgt 89 37039061 Armd 502
    12 Black, Woodrow W S S/Sgt 99 17044321 Armd 824
    13 Borboa, Ranon A Jr S S/Sgt 85 39155017 Armd 345
    14 Ciraclo, Salvatore S S/Sgt 101 32000696 Armd 651
    15 Collins, George W S S/Sgt 85 32066490 Armd 14
    16 Leonard, Tommy R S S/Sgt 100 685800 Armd 651
    17 Levenson, Joseph S S/Sgt 87 32073202 Armd 252
    89 Hudson, Woodrow W S Pfc 98 39078052 Armd 345

    The Military Occupation Specialty (MOS) code of 345 indicates your uncle was a truck driver.  From TM 12-427

    TRUCK DRIVER, LIGHT (345)

    Ambulance Driver Chauffeur Automotive Equipment Dispatcher-Driver Operator (AAF) Truckmaster

    Drives auto or truck (214-ton capacity, or less) to transport personnel and equipment.

    Checks operation of lights, brakes, steering mechanism, and other operating parts. Services, cleans, and lubricates vehicle. Tightens and replaces nuts, bolts, screws, and studs. Repairs flat tires. Camouflages vehicle. Accomplishes standard vehicle report forms.

    Uses pliers, jack, crank, wrenches, screw driver, oiling can, and tire iron.

    Should know general principles of the internal combustion engine, power transmission, and electrical system in an automotive vehicle. Must know civilian and military traffic regulations, convoy rules and road discipline. Must know how to read maps and overlays and be able to drive at night and during blackout over all types of terrain. Must possess Army Motor Vehicle Operator's Permit.

    At supervisory level, is responsible for dispatching and routing of vehicles and column control of small motor convoys.

    Hudson SS Exchange wwii_Troopships.pdf

  • Hello,

    Here are some resources that provide information on the unit’s history:

    Comprehensive information from someone whose uncle also served in the unit:

    http://www.pitnet.net/heathde/749/ 

    Original AARs from the period Jan-May 1945. Quality of document images varies:

    https://cgsc.contentdm.oclc.org/digital/collection/p4013coll8/id/3842/

    Two volume book set on the history of the unit with a somewhat misleading title:

    ”What Did You Do In The Great War Gandpa?: The Story of the 749th Tank Battalion in World War II” by BJ Bryan (2015).

    Another book (that contains monthly after action reports for the period July 1944 through May 1945). I believe there are later reprinted versions by various publishers available as well:

    “749th Tank Battalion” by James Bobbitt  1994. 749th Tank Bn. Association Northwest Pub., 400 pages

    Map showing the battalion’s movement (with dates) across Europe 1944-45: There are a number of copies of this map on the internet if you want to see a better quality copy.

    I hope this helps.

    Dan

  •  

    Thank you for posting your request on History Hub!

    The Textual Reference Archives II Branch (RR2RR) has custody of the Records of the Adjutant General's Office, 1917- (Record Group 407) and the Records of U.S. Army Operational, Tactical, and Support Organizations (World War II and Thereafter) (Record Group 338).  Military unit files among these records consist mostly of historical reports, after action reports, unit journals, and general orders. These records do not include personnel information, nor do we have a name index to these records.

    History files and operations (or “after action”) reports tend to be narrative accounts of unit actions either by the year or month, respectively. Journal files (a.k.a. “daily diaries”) are usually daily and hourly accounts. The journal files are usually written in pencil. Sometimes they list incoming and outgoing messages, and sometimes they include brief descriptions of information. If you are interested in an overview of unit activities, you may wish to concentrate on the histories and operations reports. However, if you are interested in actions covering a few specific days, journal files may prove of value to your research.

    General orders, as referenced above, do include information about the official bestowal of medals on individual service personnel. However, these records are arranged by unit, thereunder by date and thereunder by general order number. We would need this information to search our records. If you have a copy of his discharge certificate, this information might be included therein.

    We have searched our available finding aids for the relevant series in the abovementioned record groups for records of the 749th Tank Battalion during World War II and located the following:

    Record Group 407

    Entry (NM3) 427

    Box 13521

    Military service personnel files and individual medical reports for the period in which you are interested are in the custody of the National Personnel Records Center in St. Louis, MO. To submit a request via Postal Mail please use the Standard Form 180 (SF-180): Request Pertaining to Military Records to submit your request. You should complete and mail the form to NARA's National Personnel Records Center, (Military Personnel Records), 1 Archives Drive, St. Louis, MO  63138-1002. You may also apply online on our Request Military Service Records webpage.  Please be aware that there was a fire at the Records Center in 1973 and some records were destroyed.

    Morning reports for U.S. Army (and U.S. Army Air Force) units (from November 1, 1912 to 1959) and U.S. Air Force units (from September 1947 to June 30, 1966) are in the custody of the National Archives in St. Louis, MO. Please contact them for access to these records. The address is the National Archives in St. Louis, 1 Archives Drive, St. Louis, MO  63138-1002 and the email address is stl.archives@nara.gov.   

    We invite you to continue the conversation with community members on History Hub, but should you have follow up questions for the staff at Archives II, please email us at archives2reference@nara.gov so that we can assist you further. 

    We hope this is helpful. Best of luck with your research!

    Sincerely,

    Textual Reference Archives II Branch (RR2RR)
    [24-48876-PBB]