90th company k infantry ww11? Any info on these men?

My gf was in the 359th infantry division, company K and he seen actual combat in WW11 and I’m sure he then went into the 90th division in June 1944 or possibly March of 1944, he was in the European Theater and Rhineland, and others as well. I’m trying to figure out how to determine exactly his role and did he get put into another platoon? I’m at dead end 

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  • The 359th Infantry was one of the three infantry regiments assigned to the 90th Infantry Division in World War II. It wasn't that your Grandfather moved from the regiment to the 90th Division, he was in the 90th Division from the day he was first assigned to the regiment.

    The regiment was called to active service in March 1942 (it was a reserve unit) trained until it went overseas with the Division in March of 1944, and landed on Utah Beach on 6 June 1944, and participated in five campaigns: Normandy, with Arrowhead representing the combat assault on D-Day; Northern France, which was the breakout and pursuit; the Rhineland Campaign, which was the approach to the German Border; Ardennes-Alsace, which was the Battle of the Bulge; and Central Europe, which was the final defeat and occupation of Germany itself.

    The Regiment was also awarded two Presidential Unit Citations and the French Croix de Guerre.

    Unless he was severely injured, he probably spent his entire time in the same Regiment, and probably in the same company. And, although he might have had a different specialty, the two most common specialties within an infantry regiment were infantryman and medic. And if I were a betting man, I'd put my money on infantryman, simply because about 85-90% of the men in an infantry regiment were in that specialty.

    You say he moved to the 90th Infantry Division--is that because you have mail with a different address, or because you have photos of him with the 90th Infantry Division patch on? If you have letters that show he moved to a different unit--say, the division headquarters, for example--it might indicate that he was a different specialty. Or it could have been that he was a really good typist, artist, or German interpreter, and got swiped by higher headquarters as "borrowed military manpower."

    Hope that helps.

    If you check online, you'll probably find a history of the 359th. I know there are histories of the 90th Infantry Division, which would include the 359th in them. Just get one that is an overall discussion of Division Operations. The Division had a lot of trouble with leadership at the general officer level (OK, they had a revolving door for division commanders for a while)--don't get one of those books, it won't tell you what you want.

  • Thank you so much. That helped so much more than anything I’ve read or heard. I don’t know military terms as he moved to or from different divisions. I just know on his tombstone has 359th Company K and I also have a booK that was sent to my grandmother, I’m not sure when that book was sent but it is a letter brown story book with 90th on the front cover on the leather. I am trying to get any sort of information and answers. I have his separation papers, you are absolutely correct on the date he arrived in March 1944. He was infrantry, earning SS Rifle?? Infantrybadge, I know he participated in Rhineland, Eastern African Theatre, I think he was there for about 2 years. 

    If you have any more information to add I’d love to hear it. Thank you so much… 

  • I have been thinking n contact with the National Archives and there are several medals he was to be awarded and I’m supposed to be the recipient of those, when and if they get here. But it does include 2 bronze stars. My grandfather never talked about the war, only a rare very few occasions but he also bought me my first pony. I have his flag and I just want to collect any things that he got that he wouldn’t even talk about it. I know one story where he told my dad and my dad told me that he was sent to a German hospital because his toes had been frozen and they wanted to remove his toes. Apparently he pulled a gun out on the doctor and told him if he touched his feet, he’d kill him. I can remember growing up that he had such a problem with his feet and nurses came often to tend to his feet but it never clicked as to why. But the only thing he ever shared with me was that he didn’t believe in God because I’d had seen what he seen, I would not believe in God either. He was a great man and a wonderful grandfather but I always felt completely safe with him for some reason. 

  • In my opinion from what I’ve gathered I’d say he was a sniper or some special operations. But like I said I don’t know and that is only things I have to go off of. 

  • Just to set expectations and avoid disappointment--if his discharge papers say "European-African-Middle Eastern Campaign Medal with 2 Bronze Stars," those are small bronze stars worn on the ribbon of that medal to indicate that he participated in two named campaigns in the war. If it says two Bronze Star Medals, it's what we today commonly refer to as the Bronze Star. 

    SS Rifle is "Sharpshooter Badge-Rifle." You can qualify on your assigned weapon at three levels--Marksman, Sharpshooter, or Expert. Sharpshooter is in the middle.

    ?? Infantrybadge is Combat Infantry Badge (CIB), awarded to infantrymen assigned to an infantry regiment or smaller organization who actually engaged with enemy forces. As badges go in the Army, it's probably the most prestigious (along with the Combat Medical Badge), because you have to get shot at to get it.

    Now, because he has the CIB, you will receive a Bronze Star Medal. In 1947 the Army awarded a Bronze Star Medal to everyone who had received the CIB or the CMB--but you had to a) know about it and b) ask for it, and many veterans never did, and it wouldn't show up on his discharge papers.

    If he was awarded 2 Bronze Star Medals, and he'd never applied for the 1947 blanket award, don't be surprised if you receive a Bronze Star Medal with two Oak Leaf Clusters on it.

    He should have also received the World War II Victory Medal, probably received the Good Conduct Medal, and then any awards for valor, or the Purple Heart. He might have qualified for other service medals, such as the American Campaign Medal.

    If he was with the 359th for the entire war (not wounded and evacuated), he would be authorized the European-African-Middle Eastern Campaign Medal with Arrowhead and Five Bronze Stars. If he didn't land at Normandy, he wouldn't get the arrowhead, if he got evacuated, perhaps because of his frostbite, he might have missed one of the campaigns (probably Central Europe, as the frostbite probably happened during the Battle of the Bulge).

  • Thank you. I’ve put in request twice now with the national archives and actually got a response both times, first time was sorta progress and they ask me to submit the separation papers and do an entire new request with the separation papers and I actually got a response back that had no details at all. The first request actually did tell me some of medals that I would be receiving in the mail. Any of the tips? Please 

  • Wonderful, I read over this often. Thanks again 

  • On the paperwork I received from the national archives it states he should be awarded 

    bronze star medal

    WW11 Victory Medal 

    Combat Infantryman Badge 1st Award

    honorable service lapel button WW11

    maybe that helps more 

  • What paperwork did you received from the National Archives?  Did they include WD AGO Form 20?  This is the actual personnel record for your grandfather.  Below is a detail showing the "Record of Current Service" section of my father's WD AGO Form 20.  It shows he was assigned to K Company, 359th Infantry Regiment on 8 February 1945 as a replacement infantry rifleman (MOS 745).  He was trained as mortarman while with the company.

    If you did not get this record, you can still request Morning Reports (MR) for K Company from the National Archives.  If you know the dates of your grandfather's service with K Company, you can request those specific reports.  Alternatively, you could request the MRs for K Company's wartime service (6 June 1944 - 8 May 1945).  Morning Reports are exception driven.  They show only changes in the company's status; the arrival of replacements, transfers out, etc.  Company's location is recorded (sometimes as town names, usually as map coordinates).  There is also a brief description of daily activity such as movement from one location to another.  I do not have the morning reports for my father's time with K Company, but I expect to acquire them in the near future.