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Dear Mr. Smithson,
Thank you for your question to History Hub! NARA is in possession of many useful War of 1812 records at the National Archives in Washington, DC that are of use to genealogists as they search for records of ancestors who served in the conflict. Most of these are summarized in an article published in our agency magazine, Prologue, back in 1991. The relevant article is available online here.
However, given your request for the company list of a particular militia company unit which may or may not have been federalized (interspersed among regular U.S. Army units), it is possible NARA’s records will not adequately answer your request. For state and county-level militia units, there would be two sources to check depending on whether or not you’re looking for a particular name (i.e. an ancestor) or the lists from Harford County as a whole.
If you are looking for a particular ancestor of yours who served in the militia during the war, their records (muster rolls and CMSR- combined military service record) are reproduced digitally on both Ancestry.com and FamilySearch.com in some form. Digital access to these records may or may not be sitting behind a paywall on each website, so be aware of that in advance. Assuming you want to forgo paying a fee to either of these site to get copies, you could do so manually by traveling down to NARA’s location in downtown DC. Keep in mind that NARA records and those reproduced from NARA are from soldiers who served with federal units only, so it is possible the Harford County lists are not in our possession. Therefore, please contact them via email at email@example.com before you plan your trip.
If the militia companies from Harford County were never federally integrated and your request is not limited to a single individual or individuals, your best option to find the lists in their entirety would likely be the Maryland Historical Society in Baltimore, Maryland. They are in possession of an extensive collection from the War of 1812, including “uniform regulations, commissions, regimental orders, ration and provision returns, pay rolls, certificates of service, orderly books, and pensions.” A cursory term search among their description of the records contains four mentions of Harford County, so it is possible what the lists you mention reside there.
Hope this helps. Best of luck on your search!
The militia lists that I am looking for were copied and published by F Edward Wright in a book "Maryland Militia War of 1812 Vol. 3 Cecil & Harford Counties".
The lists that are missing names are as follows:
1. From the companies of Captains William Whiteford, Jacob Albert, James Henry and John ___ ordered to service by Lt. Col. William Smith from April 26 - May 3, 1813. [part of Extra Battalion]
2. From the companies of ___ consolidated under the command of Capt. John Turner from April 1813. [part of 42nd Regt]
3. From the companies of Captains Thomas Courtney, John Herbert and James ---sons consolidated under the command of Capt Courtney at Havre de Grace from April 18, 1813. [part of 42nd Regt]
4. From the companies of Captains John O. Watters, George W. Bradford and William Caldwell consolidated under the command of George Bradford at Wilmers Landing from April 19 - 29, 1813. [part of 42nd Regt]
5. From the companies of Captains James Rampley, James Lytle, Benjamin Richardson and Joshua Amos of Thomas from April 26 - May 2, 1813. [part of 42nd Regt]
6. From the companies of Captains Benjamin Richard, Joshua Amoss of Robert, Israel Bowman and John Smithson from April 26 - May 4, 1813. [part of 40th Regt]
7. Field and Staff Officers from August 27 - Sep 9, 1814. [part of 40th Regt]
Is there a RG number that the information is located in?
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The Prologue article in the first link above consists entirely of RG 94 (Adjutant General's Office). Among these records the microfilm rolls of the CSRMs referenced in the original response are likely to contain records of interest (Index to Compiled Service Records of Volunteer Soldiers who Served During the War of 1812 (M602, 234 rolls). Along with this, a secondary source volume is provided in the article (Francis B. Heitman's Historical Register and Dictionary of the U.S. Army (1903). There are no consolidated "service records" for officers before 1863. Aside from entries in Heitman, one can examine the correspondence of the Adjutant General's Office for pertinent documentation relating to these officers. Most of the names of regular army soldiers who served during the War of 1812 appear in the fifteen volumes of enlistment registers that show the names of soldiers enlisting for the period 1798 - 1815.). Archives 1 reference at the e-mail address also referenced in the above response from Research Services can help you narrow down your search if you are planning on making a visit.
Because the records in question come from a volunteer militia from the state of Maryland, I would also certainly contact the Maryland Historical Society referenced in the original response. They may have the originals of the records featured in the Wright volume you cite above and a visit or reference consultation over the phone or in person there may allow you to identify the discrepancies Wright was unable to correct.
Hope this helps. Happy hunting!