Dear Ms. Reinhardt,
Thank you for posting your request on History Hub!
It is not possible to determine from the 1850 census where an individual specifically lived because no addresses are available. However, it is possible to get an idea of where a person lived by doing research in land records (or land ownership maps) of the area.
We searched the 1850 census records and one Thomas B. Hoover in Canton, Madison County, MS was mentioned and appears he did own land. The deed that describes the land owned by him would indicate the legal description, and along with a good map, would help locate the location of the property.
A number of land ownership maps can be found online, but if you cannot find the maps online reach out to the MS state archive.
In addition, research into 19th century land record ownership can often be done on FamilySearch.org.
Listed are the steps to take to research using land record ownership.
1. Go to FamilySearch.org
2. Create an account if you have not already done so
3. Click on "Catalog"
4. Do the "Place" search for each county of interest
5. Under the Land and property there are a variety of records (some digitized perhaps, some not)
6. To search deeds, one first needs to examine the deed book indexes for the participants in land transactions. Grantor indexes indicate sellers of land; grantee indexes indicate buyers of land. The indexes will provide the related volume and page upon which the deed is located.
7. Go to the appropriate page(s) in the appropriate deed book(s). Deeds often start on one page and continue onto the next.
The deed will indicate the legal description of land. In Ohio, that would include the township, county, and further specifiers such as the section and the part of the section. Legal descriptions read like puzzles, such as "the east half of northwest quarter and west half of northeast quarter of section twenty-six in Township 12, north of Range [number]."
We hope you find this information helpful. Best of luck with your research!
Thomas B. Hoover bought quite a lot of land in Madison County Mississippi. Checking the indexes (both grantee and grantor) I found 8 instances between 1840 -1845 when he purchased land (grantee) and one instance when he was the grantor (seller). I did not look any further. I only looked at the first two deeds in 1841 when he was still living in South Carolina but selling and buying land (I think it actually was the same piece of land) in Madison Co.
The index is on familysearch.org D - Film # 007896003 (familysearch.org)
The names are arranged only by first letter of surname and then by volume & page number. Grantor names are on the left page and grantee names on the right page. To view the actual deed, find the volume and then page number FamilySearch Catalog: Deed records, 1828-1906; deed indexes, 1828-1903 — FamilySearch.org.