3 Replies Latest reply on Feb 10, 2021 10:24 AM by Rachael Salyer

    Are these photos in the public domain?

    Gabrielle Meeker Newbie

      Making sure the photos I would like to use in writing a book on WWII are in the public domain.  Here are the photos that I would like to use in the WWII book I am writing.  Many of these also have a variant control number than I can furnish if needed. Here are the Identifier numbers:
























      208-AA-102E-5 in African_americans_wwii_051 jpeg


      Thank you

      Gabrielle Meeker

        • Re: Are these photos in the public domain?
          Rachael Salyer Ranger

          Dear Ms. Meeker,


          Thank you for posting your request on History Hub!


          We searched the National Archives Catalog for the identification numbers you listed in your request and most of the photographs you are interested in are in the custody of the National Archives at College Park - Still Pictures (RDSS). You may contact them via email at stillpix@nara.gov with any questions you might have about specific records. You also may find use restrictions listed in each Catalog entry.


          We were unable to locate specific images for a few of the control numbers you listed, including 13188, 5355579, 10520918, 17-0948M, and 000-2013-001-ac. Please provide more details about or links to these particular images in order that we may be able to assist you further.


          Due to the COVID-19 pandemic and pursuant to guidance received from the Office of Management and Budget (OMB), NARA has adjusted its normal operations to balance the need of completing its mission-critical work while also adhering to the recommended social distancing for the safety of NARA staff. As a result of this re-prioritization of activities, you may experience a delay in receiving an initial acknowledgement as well as a substantive response to your reference request from RDSS. We apologize for this inconvenience and appreciate your understanding and patience.


          In general, photographs that were taken by United States government employees, either military or civilian, working in an official capacity, are considered to be in the public domain. Permission is not required to use these items. However, photographs that were taken by private citizens or by organizations other than the United States government may be subject to copyright laws. It is the user's responsibility to identify the copyright owner and to obtain all necessary clearances before making commercial, broadcast, or other use of this material.


          Finally, the copyright law of the United States (Title 17, United States Code) governs the making of photocopies or other reproductions of copyrighted material. Under certain conditions specified in the law, libraries and archives are authorized to furnish a photocopy or other reproduction. One of these specific conditions is that the photocopy or reproduction is not to be "used for any purpose other than private study, scholarship, or research." If a user makes a request for, or later uses a photocopy or reproduction for purposes in excess of "fair use," that user may be liable for copyright infringement.


          If you decide to use a photograph, drawing, or document from the National Archives in your publication, we request that you cite it properly following the guidelines in General Information Leaflet No. 17 on our website.


          We hope this information is helpful. Best of luck with your research!


          1 person found this helpful
            • Re: Are these photos in the public domain?
              Gabrielle Meeker Newbie

              Thank you Ms Salyer for your response. It was much appreciated and helpful.  I have expanded my list with citations and sent them to stillpix@nara.gov. My expanded list of posters and photos:


              List of Photos for WWII Book

              Gabe Meeker

              1. Poster U.S. National Archives Identifier 51353. Variant Control Number 44-PA-71.  “I want you for the U.S. Army. Enlist Now.” Color poster by James Montgomery Flagg.
              2. Photo U.S. National Archives Identifier 520789.  Variant Control Number 80-G-427475

              “TBF (Avengers) flying on formation over Norfolk, Va. Attributed to Lt. Comdr. Horace Bristol, September 1942.

              1. Poster 00084-2013-001-ac. In U.S National Archives Powers of Persuasion.

              Printed by government Printing Office for the War Manpower Commission,

              Records of the Office of Government Reports

              “United We Win” poster by Alexander Liberman 1943.

              1. Photo Variant Control Number 208-AA-102E-5 (african_americans_wwii_051.jpg)

              “Lt. Andrew Marshall, pilot in a Negro fighter group of the Mediterranean Allied Air Force had his plane shot up by flak during a strafing mission over Greece before the Allied invasion. When he came down all that was left of the plane was his engine and himself. But he only suffered some bruises and cuts. Greeks hid him from the Nazis, then directed him to the British Forces when they parachuted into Greece. Here Lt. Marshall tells an American pilot of the 51st Troop Carrier wing of his harrowing experience.” October 1944

              1. Photo U.S. National Archives Identifier 1633443. Variant Control Number 80-G-468517 “Man working on hull of U.S. submarine at Electric Boat Co., Groton, Conn.” Lt. Cmdr. Charles Fenno Jacobs, August 1943.


              1. Photo U.S. National Archives Identifier 513194. Variant Control Number 26-G-3183.

              “U.S. troops go over the side of a Coast Guard manned combat transport to enter the landing barges at Empress Augusta Bay, Bougainville, as the invasion gets under way.” November 1943


              1. Poster U.S Archives Identifier 535413, Variant Control Number 179-wp-1563

              “We Can Do It” Color poster by Howard Miller

              1. Photo U.S. National Archives Identifier 535527. Variant Control Number 208-KA-2F-20. “A youngster, clutching his soldier father, gazes upward while the latter lifts his wife from the ground to wish her a ’Merry Christmas’. The serviceman is one of those fortunate enough to be able to get home for the holidays.” December 1944.
              2. Photo National Archives Identifier 535570. Variant Control Number 208-AA-3221-2 “Sugar Rationing”
              3. Photo U.S. National Archives Identifier 13188. Variant Control Number 26-G-3056. “Invasion of Cape Gloucester, New Britain, 24 December 1943. Crammed with men and material for the invasion, this Coast-Guard manned LST nears the Japanese held shore. Troops shown in the picture are Marines” PhoM1c. Don C. Hansen.
              4. Photo National Archives Identifier 520918. Variant Control Number 210-G-10C-839 “Dust Storms at this War Relocation Authority Center where evacuees of Japanese ancestry are spending the duration,” Dorothea Lange, Manzanar CA, July 3, 1942.
              5. Photo U.S. National Archives Identifier 5355579. Variant Control Number 86-WWT85-35 “Line up of some women welders including the women’s welding champion of Ingalls [Shipbuilding Corp., Pascagoula, MS].” Spencer Beebe, 1943.
              6. Poster U.S. National Archives Identifier 515359. Variant Control Number 44-PA-1688 “Scrap” Color poster by Roy Schat, 1942
              7. Poster National Archives Identifier 514315. Variant Control Number 44-PA-820 S

              “For your country’s sake today…For your own sake tomorrow.

              Go to the nearest recruiting station of the armed service of your choice.”

              Color poster by Steele Savage 1944


              1. Poster U.S. National Archives 17-0744M Power of Persuasion. Printed by the Government Printing Office, Record of the Office of Government Reports

              “Have You Really Tried to Save Gas by Getting into a Car Club?”


              1. Photo U.S. National Archives Identifier 535567. Variant Control Number 208-AA-322H-1 “An eager school boy gets his first experience in using a War Ration Book.” Alfred Palmer February, 1943. 
              2. Poster U.S. National Archives Identifier 513543. Variant Control Number 44-Pa-82 “Loose lips might sink ships.” Color poster by ESS-ar-gee.
              3. Poster Records of the Office of Government Reports 17-0948M

              “Save Waste Fats for Explosives” by Henry Koener, 1943

              1. Photo U.S. National Archives Identifier 10520918. Variant Control Number 208-YE-2B.

              “Victory Cargo Ships are lined up at a U.S. west coast shipyard for final outfitting before they are loaded with supplies for navy depot and advance bases in the Pacific.” CA, 1944.

              1. Photo U.S. National Archives Identifier 531498. Variant Control Number 112-SGA-44-10842.S

              “Nurses of a field hospital who arrived in France via England and Egypt after three years of service.” Parker, August 12, 1944.

              1. Poster U.S. National Archives Identifier 536017 “Posting of Exclusion Order at First and Front Streets in San Francisco, California, directing removal of persons of Japanese Ancestry from the first section in San Francisco to be affected by the war.”
              2. Photo U.S. National Archives Identifier 537040. Variant Control Number 210-G-3B-4114 “Persons of Japanese ancestry arrive at Santa Anita Assembly Center from San Pedro. Evacuees lived at this center at the former Santa Anita race track before being moved inland to relocation centers.” Clem Albers, Arcadia, CA. April 5, 1942
              3. Excerpt U.S. National Archive Identifier 536017 “Japanese-American Internment During World War II”. From the end of March to August of 1942, about 2 months after the attack on Pearl Harbor, approximately 112,000 Japanese-Americans were interned for the duration of the war. These centers were further inland in remote, desolate locations. Nearly 70,000 were citizens. No charges of disloyalty were made.”
              4. Photo U.S. National Archives Identifier 537153 “High School Campus at Heart Mountain, Wyoming. Classes are housed in tarpaper-covered, barrack-style buildings originally designed as living quarters for the evacuees.”
              5. Photo U.S. National Archives Identifier 541920. Variant Control Number 306-NT-3163V

              “Children of an eastern suburb of London, who have been made homeless by the random bombs of the Nazi night raiders, waiting outside the wreckage of what was their home.” September, 1940.