Dear Ms. Hawkins,
Thank you for posting your request on History Hub!
Various offices within the Department of Defense have informed us that no agency of the Federal Government has ever compiled comprehensive lists of all individuals who served in the U.S. Armed Forces in the Civil War from particular states or communities.
We searched the National Archives Catalog and located the series Carded Records Showing Military Service of Soldiers Who Fought in Volunteer Organizations During the American Civil War in the Records of the Adjutant General's Office, 1762 - 1917 (Record Group 94) which includes 172,341 compiled service records for officers and enlisted soldiers of Kentucky volunteer units which have been digitized and may be viewed online. There may be additional records for Kentucky where are not yet available online. These records sometimes indicate where a person was born, where they enlisted, and which county got credit for their enlistment under the quota system. Unfortunately, these records are not indexed or searchable by this information through the National Archives Catalog. These records are also available on Fold3 as Civil War Soldiers - Union - KY.
We also locate the series Enlistment Papers, 1798 - October 31, 1912 and Registers of Enlistments in the United States Army, 1798 - 1914 in the Records of the Adjutant General's Office, 1762 - 1917 (Record Group 94) that include military service files enlisted soldiers of the Regular Army. Both series give the place that the soldier enlisted, and the Registers give the place the soldier was born, however these are not always the same as their residence at the time they enlisted, which is not provided. The latter series is available on Ancestry as U.S. Army, Register of Enlistments, 1798-1914, on Fold3 as Army Register of Enlistments, 1798-1914, and on FamilySearch as United States Registers of Enlistments in the U.S. Army, 1798-1914.
Finally, we located the series Letters Received, 1863 - 1917 (documenting 1850 - 1917) in the Records of the Adjutant General's Office, 1762 - 1917 (Record Group 94) that includes letters, reports, and papers relating to the military service of officers of the Regular Army, officers of Volunteers in the Staff Corps commissioned by the President, and officers commissioned by brevet appointment in the Regular Army and Volunteer organizations. Portions of these series have been digitized and are available using the Catalog.
For questions about these records, please contact the National Archives at Washington, DC - Textual Reference (RDT1) via email at firstname.lastname@example.org. Due to the COVID-19 pandemic and pursuant to guidance received from the Office of Management and Budget (OMB), NARA has adjusted its normal operations to balance the need of completing its mission-critical work while also adhering to the recommended social distancing for the safety of NARA staff. As a result of this re-prioritization of activities, you may experience a delay in receiving an initial acknowledgement as well as a substantive response to your reference request from RDT1. We apologize for this inconvenience and appreciate your understanding and patience.
The Report of the Adjutant General of the State of Kentucky, 1861–1866 provides a listing of soldiers who served in the volunteer units of the state of Kentucky, however it only provides residence information for officers. For enlisted personnel, it provides the locations where they were mustered in and mustered out. The report does not include soldiers who served in the Regular Army.
Also, the Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System (CWSS) is a database containing information about the men who served in the Union and Confederate armies during the Civil War. The database can be filtered by state, but only the Navy section includes county information.
You may wish to contact the Kentucky Department of Libraries and Archives for any additional sources that may be available at the state level. If you have not already done so, you also may wish to contact local libraries and historical societies.
We hope this information is helpful. Best of luck with your research!