2 Replies Latest reply on Nov 1, 2019 1:54 PM by Lisha Penn

    Seeking records of POW captured at Charleston, SC in 1780


      I have ancestor Col Thomas Marshall from Virginia in Charleston in 1780 when the town was surrendered to the British.  I also have ancestor Brig Gen Richard Richardson from SC there at the same time.  I'm trying to find information that might place both of them in close proximity or even in contact with one another at that time.

        • Re: Seeking records of POW captured at Charleston, SC in 1780
          Elliot Schneider Pioneer



          Found something interesting, worth reading please follow the links copy and paste them into your web browser.






          There was a prisoner ship that was used by the British called the "Jersey" which according to records was stationed in wallabout Bay. Some prisoners did not want to endure the disease and other horrors so many had decided just to join the Royal Navy.


          After the British captured Charleston 1780. Many large numbers of men from South Carolina militia units were incarcerated in St. Augustine. The regular, Continental forces captured at Charleston were placed in prisons in and around the city. A special prison camp was set up outside Charleston at "Haddrell's Point".


          ***Here is some reference of additional records**


          Papers of the Continental Congress

          ___M247, Papers of the Continental Congress, 1774-1789. DP. 204 rolls. Arranged in a numerical

          order by Item Numbers. The Item Numbers can be found by using the five volume printed index to

          the Papers of the Continental Congress. The records document the activities of pre-Federal

          congresses in areas such as, military, foreign, fiscal and naval affairs.

          The lists of prisoners found in this series range from printed reports listing names of British officers taken at Trenton, N.J., to detailed accountings of several dozen American POWs detained on a ship in Charlestown Harbor.


          Revolutionary War Rolls

          ___M246, Revolutionary War Rolls, 1775-1783. DP. 138 rolls. Roll 135, jacket 4 of this series

          contains about thirty pages of names listing American prisoners of war. The lists usually contain name, rank, state of residence, and regiment. These lists are mainly centered around 1780, but the dates cover most of the war. This chart below contains a short catalog of files containing names of British, Loyalist and American prisoners of war.








          Elliot Schneider

          1 person found this helpful
          • Re: Seeking records of POW captured at Charleston, SC in 1780
            Lisha Penn Navigator

            Dear Mr. Marshall,


            Thank you for posting your request on History Hub!


            We searched the National Archives Catalog and located a digitized file unit for Colonel Thomas Marshall and several for Richard Richardson from the series Compiled Service Records of Soldiers Who Served in the American Army During the Revolutionary War, 1894-1912 in the War Department Collection of Revolutionary War Records (Record Group 93).


            We also searched Ancestry and located All Military Results for Thomas Marshall and Military Results for Richard Richardson.  Some of these may be the same as cited above. Instead of paying to use Ancestry, you may view these records online at one NARA's facilities for free via a NARA PC. For the nearest NARA location, please consult our web page at https://www.archives.gov/locations/. Also, some of the images from Ancestry are available for free on Family Search at https://www.familysearch.org/en/.


            We were unable to locate any records connecting your ancestors Thomas Marshall and Richard Richardson together in Charleston, South Carolina in 1780. Unfortunately, most records in War Department custody were destroyed by fire on November 8, 1800; and later many of the remaining Revolutionary War records were lost during the War of 1812. In 1873, Secretary of War William Belknap purchased for the Federal Government the papers of Timothy Pickering, who had been a member of the Board of War, Adjutant General of the Continental Army, and Quartermaster General; the papers of Samuel Hodgdon, Commissary General of Military Stores for several years during the war; miscellaneous contemporary papers; and some minor groups of records and single record items.


            Under authority of an act of March 2, 1913 (37 Stat. 723), the War Department made photographic copies of Revolutionary War records in the custody of public and private institutions in Virginia, North Carolina, and Massachusetts. These records in NARA’s custody form what is known as the War Department’s Collection of Revolutionary War Records (Record Group 93) that was transferred to the National Archives in 1938.


            You may wish to search the South Carolina Department of Archives & History and/or South Carolina Historical Society for additional information.


            We hope this is helpful. Best of luck with your research!