Join us in a celebration of Hispanic Heritage Month as we commemorate the histories, cultures, and contributions in the United States by the Latino and Hispanic communities with roots in Spain, Mexico, the Caribbean, and Central and South America. Read on to learn more about the records held at the National Archives that document these achievements and contributions, and learn how you can help transcribe records as a Citizen Archivist.
Oral deposition of Gordon Green from the 1958 segregation case of Hernandez v. Driscoll Consolidated Independent School District (DCISD), et al. The issue was treatment of Mexican-American children in DCISD schools. National Archives Identifier 26548257
This landmark suit was brought on March 2, 1945 by Felicitas and Gonzalo Mendez, along with other parents living in Orange County, California, against four local school districts. The Petition (National Archives Identifier 294940) notes "That all children or persons of Mexican or Latin descent ... are now excluded from attending, using, enjoying and receiving the benefits of the education, health and recreation facilities of certain Schools." The complaint further charged "that said children are now and have been segregated and required to and must attend and use certain Schools in said District and Systems, reserved for ... children and persons of Mexican and Latin descent..."
In Judge Paul J. McCormick's Judgement and Injunction (National Archives Identifier 294946), he concurred with the petitioners, issuing an injunction against the school districts' segregation policies.
Gonzalo Mendez et al v. Westminster School District of Orange County et al, Brief of National Lawyers Guild, and American Civil Liberties Union, Amici Curiae. National Archives Identifier 294943
This brief was filed by the Los Angeles Chapter of the National Lawyers Guild and the American Civil Liberties Union on behalf of the petitioners in Mendez v. Westminster in support of integrating Mexican and Mexican-American students into the schools.
Transcribe Records as a Citizen Archivist
Hispanic American History mission
Continue in a celebration of Hispanic Heritage month and help transcribe records as a citizen archivist! Records at the National Archives regarding Hispanic and Latino Americans include documents on a wide range of subjects including labor rights, arts and entertainment, and politics. Help transcribe these records to make them more searchable and accessible in the Catalog.
General Records of the Department of Housing and Urban Development. Select photographs, from coverages of assorted communities, accenting Hispanic heritage theme: residents, neighborhoods, buildings, murals. Photographer: David Valdez. National Archives Identifier 6190415
This oil painting is a cubistic still life, painted by Diego Rivera in 1915. It was given to Lyndon B. Johnson by His Excellency Gustavo Diaz Ordaz, President of Mexico. National Archives Identifier 192416