The initial question sees to have been cut off. So here's the rest of the content;
... found several black men recruited in Indiana, then enlisted in Erie Co. PA. I understand that "credited to" on Service Records means the enlistee's residence and is an offset for draft quotas. Does that term mean the same for USCT recruits? Does anyone know if it was a common practice to recruit black males in one area then transport them to a different locality (or even state) to enlist them, before moving them again to a training camp, in Pa's case Camp William Penn, over 400 miles from Erie? Was this commonly done to lessen the draft quotas in certain localities? In Erie's case, this number of men credited is a couple of hundred, vs an 1860 Census figure of under 40 males of African descent and of military age.
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Dear Mr. Deutsch,
Thank you for contacting the History Hub. To learn more about enlisted African American soldiers during the Civil War, you can look at the following series from Record Group 94: Records of the Adjutant General’s Office located at Archives I in Washington, D.C.:
To your questions regarding enlisted African American soldiers and draft practices, we would recommend reading these articles written by current and former NARA Archivists:
If those articles and records don't contain the answers you're looking for, here are reference reports compiled by NARA Archivists that may have the information you need:
Best of luck with your research, and thanks again for contacting the History Hub!
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The National Archives at Philadelphia holds records from RG 110, Records of the Provost Marshal General for Pennsylvania, specifically the 19th District which encompasses the counties in the northwestern portion of the state. I took a look at a few pertinent records series (Letters Sent, Letters Received, Requests for Transportation, Register of Substitutes, Register of Soldiers and Sailors Credited to Districts) and only saw brief mentions of colored troops being credited or being transported to Camp William Penn.
In addition to the records of the 19th District, we also have numerous record series relating to Camp William Penn. One series in particular, Rolls of Colored Volunteers Sent to Camp William Penn, contains 25 Volunteer Rolls of individuals from the 19th District. Unfortunately, it does not include their place of birth.
Generally speaking, recruitment of African-Americans in southern and border states began in earnest following the passage of the Militia Act of 7/17/1862. Recruitment efforts under this act was taken up mostly by state governors. With this in mind, you may wish to review the holdings of Record Group 19 from the Pennsylvania State Archives, https://archon.klnpa.org/psa/?p=collections/classifications&id=1751 .
If you wish to make an appointment to review records from RG 110 or to make further requests, please email us at firstname.lastname@example.org.
The National Archives at Philadelphia
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If you haven't found it already, you might like to check out the African American Civil War Soldiers Project created by the African American Civil War Museum around content held in the National Archives. The crowdsourcing project is hosted on the Zooniverse.org platform, and anyone is welcome to participate.
Good luck with your research!